在宅ケアにおける開業医の薬局・薬剤師との連携に関する認識 General Practitioner's Recognition of Service Cooperation with Community Pharmacists Related to Home Care in a Suburban Area
Objectives: To clarify the factors affecting a general practitioner's demands and the recognition of service cooperation with community pharmacists related to home care in a suburban area.<br>Methods: A questionnaire on pharmacy services and functions was administered to 215 general practitioners in a suburban area. Gender, age, specialty, length of practice, status of home visiting, requests for community pharmacists, awareness of a home visiting service by community pharmacists, status of issues about home visiting orders to community pharmacists and the criteria for deciding to issue an order, recognition of the necessity of a home visiting service by pharmacists, expectation value to the community of the pharmacists' participation in the home care service and requests, recognition of cooperation with other home care related professions, ease of cooperation with community pharmacists, disincentives for cooperation with community pharmacists, factors necessary to promote cooperation between practitioners and community pharmacists, and factors necessary to promote the home care system were surveyed. Using the results, x<sup>2</sup> test and principal component analysis were performed.<br>Results: It was found that the general practitioners' main demands were support and management of pharmaceutical therapy. Meanwhile, the practitioners' low cognition of pharmacists' home visiting seemed to be one disincentive to cooperation with pharmacists. Every practitioner who had issued visiting orders to pharmacists practiced home visiting and issued the visiting orders based on patients' condition at home. Practitioners who practiced home visiting were more active in promoting the home care system and had a better cognition and more extensive demands for pharmacists' home visiting compared to practitioners with no home visiting. Practitioners with good recognition of cooperation with community pharmacists had better cognition, realized the necessity of, and expected pharmacist's home visiting compared to practitioners with low awareness. However, practitioners' overall recognition of cooperation with pharmacists was relatively low. As disincentives, practitioners pointed out lack of acquaintance, the unclear function of pharmacists, and no opportunity for cooperation. So, enhancing practitioners' awareness of home care, clarifying the pharmacist's role, establishing a relationship of mutual trust through information feedback and/or exchange based on practice would be effective in promoting service cooperation with community pharmacists.
日本衞生學雜誌 57(2), 527-534, 2002-05-15