"市民"からみた合意形成にむけての課題  [in Japanese] Issues Facing the Formation of Mutual Consent as it Relates to Citizens  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

社会問題を解決するよりよい地域政策を打ち出すために, 行政と政治は大きな役割を担っている。しかし, その政策の打ち出し方が, 地域住民を無視した方法で行われた場合, 問題を解決するどころか, 新たな紛争を引き起こす。この図式は特に, ごみ問題で顕著である。ごみ問題を解決するための政策は, ごみ減量資源化政策と処理処分場政策が2本柱である。どちらの政策も, 循環型社会を実現するために, 住民と事業者と行政の協働を求めている。そのために情報共有と住民参加を必要条件とし合意形成を図らなければならない。しかし, 現実には, その方法, 制度が未開発のために, 合意形成が困難となる事例が多い。実際の事例を紹介して合意形成が困難となる原因は何なのかを論述することによって, 合意形成に向けての課題を整理する。

Administration and politics play an important role in developing better regional policies to overcome social problems. However, in instances where these policies are formed in ways that disregard local citizens, new disputes are sometimes created in the process. This situation is often the case for waste disputes in particular. There are two pillars to policies which try to solve waste problems : Policies that aim to reduce waste and recover resources, and those that aim to select sites for treatment and landfill sites. Both of these types of policies require cooperation between the resident-business group and the local government in order to form a workable society. This requires full information access and citizen participation in order to map out mutual consent for all involved. In reality, however, due to the fact that good systems for this kind of cooperation have not yet been developed, there are still many cases where forming a consensus proved to be too difficult. By discussing what might be the cause of the difficulties in forming a consensus in actual cases that are introduced here. the topic of Mutual Consent is built upon.

Journal

  • Waste Management Research

    Waste Management Research 13(3), 138-150, 2002-05-31

    Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management

References:  8

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008493368
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10414674
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    REV
  • ISSN
    09170855
  • NDL Article ID
    6191393
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZN5(科学技術--建設工学・建設業--都市工学・衛生工学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z16-2213
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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