光機能高分子の界面組織化と動的制御  [in Japanese] Organizations of Photofunctional Polymers at Interfaces and Their Dynamic Controls  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

柔軟な高分子物質は気相での操作ができないため, ナノレベルで制御された精密な材料化を目指そうとする際には, ラングミュアープロジェット (LB) 法や自己組織化プロセスの利用が極めて重要である. 本報では, フォトクロミック高分子とポリシランに焦点をあて, 光機能高分子の界面組織化に関する研究動向を紹介する. 前半では, 配向組織膜のフォトメカニカル効果にかかわる領域について, その可視化観測研究や光表面レリーフ形成などを紹介する. 後半では, ポリシランの超分子科学的な組織化にかかわる研究をまとめる. ポリシランのミセル, ベシクル, LB膜研究にかかわる研究アプローチとともに, 単分子膜によるポリシラン鎖の多様な状態操作について解説する. 二つの光機能高分子領域ともに近年の進展が著しく, 高分子ナノテクノロジーへの貢献と新たなスマート材料システムの構築に期待がもたれる.

Precise manipulations of flexible polymer materials at nanometer levels essentially rely on the interfacial and supramolecular organizations. This review article summarizes research topics on the organization and dynamic manipulation of two classes of photofunctional polymers, <I>i. e.</I>, photochoromic polymers and polysilanes (Si-catenated polymers). The former part introduces dynamic photomechanical effects of photochromic polymers in organized states (mostly monolayer systems) and the surface relief gratings formed <I>via</I> photoinduced mass transfer. The latter part summarizes new research trends regarding supramolecular manipulations of polysilanes. It is also shown that various types of surface monolayers strongly affect the state of polysilane chains. The controlled organization of the above soft photofunctional polymers and their dynamic controls should be of essence to advance the polymer nano-technology and creation of new classes of smart systems.

Journal

  • KOBUNSHI RONBUNSHU

    KOBUNSHI RONBUNSHU 59(5), 253-266, 2002-05-25

    The Society of Polymer Science, Japan

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008573790
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00085011
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    REV
  • ISSN
    03862186
  • NDL Article ID
    6143513
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZP16(科学技術--化学・化学工業--高分子化学・高分子化学工業)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z17-92
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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