言語発達障害児における象徴遊びと言語理解との関係について  [in Japanese] Relationship between Symbolic Play and Receptive Language in Developmentally Language-Impaired Children  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 藤野 博 FUJINO Hiroshi
    • 東京学芸大学教育学部障害児教育学科 Department of Education for Children with Disabilities, Tokyo Gakugei University

Abstract

言語発達障害児における表象能力の障害について明らかにするため, 彼らの象徴遊びについての検討が行われてきた.しかし, その結果は多様であり, これまでに統一した見解は得られていない.それらの研究は生活年齢や言語表出レベルを合わせた言語発達障害児と健常児の象徴遊びを比較しているが, そのマッチングの方法に問題があると考えられる.象徴遊びが言語表出よりむしろ言語理解に関係するなら, 被験児のマッチングは言語理解レベルによって行われる必要があるのではないだろうか.そこで本研究においては, 言語理解のレベルを合わせた言語発達障害児と健常児の象徴遊びを比較し, 検討した.象徴遊びはSymbolic Play Test (SPT) を用いて測定した.その結果, 両群間のSPT得点に有意な差は認められなかった.言語発達障害児群のSPT得点をLoweらの換算表により象徴遊びの発達年齢を求め, 言語理解の発達年齢と比較すると有意差が認められた.また, 象徴遊び発達年齢と言語理解発達年齢との間には有意な正の相関が認められた.この結果から, 言語発達障害児における言語理解の遅れは象徴遊びを成立させる表象能力の問題と関係する可能性が示唆された.

There have been many studies on symbolic play in developmentally language-impaired children that have verified their representational disabilities, but results have been varied and not unified. Such studies have compared symbolic play in language-impaired and normal children matched by chronological age or expressive language. Such matching procedure may be a problem. If symbolic play relates to receptive language rather than expressive language, subjects should be matched by receptive language level. Accordingly, this study compared the symbolic play of language-impaired and normal children matched by receptive language level. The Symbolic Play Test (SPT) was used to measure symbolic play performance. The results were as follows. There was no significant difference in SPT scores between the two groups. The mean developmental age of symbolic play in language-impaired children as converted from raw scores using Lowe's chart was significantly higher than the developmental age of receptive language. Also, there was a significant positive correlation between developmental age of symbolic play and receptive language. These results suggest that receptive language delay in language impaired children relates to representional ability in forming symbolic play.

Journal

  • The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

    The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics 42(2), 129-136, 2001-04-20

    The Japan Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

References:  13

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008579072
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00034826
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00302813
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  J-STAGE 
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