教職員における心肺蘇生法に関する知識,技能の評価 Quantitative evaluation for knowledge and skill level acquired on repeated basic cardiac life support course for school teachers
1999年度大阪府教育委員会主催の心肺蘇生法講習会で, 教職員の蘇生に関する知識, 実技について調査した。全受講生の54.5%が過去に同種の訓練を受けていた。筆記試験施行後, 蘇生法の実技指導, 実技試験を行った。219名に対して記録用紙から時間的因子, 各蘇生法手技の評価を行った。筆記テスト正答率は受講歴有群で有意に高く, 実技では, 40%で過剰換気, 54%で換気の不揃い, 47%で心臓マッサージ圧迫点のずれを認めた。受講歴有群で, 手技の切り替え時間が有意に短かったが, 技能レベルはさらに改善の余地がある。教職員の蘇生法の知識には, 過去の講習受講が好影響を与えていた。
The knowledge and skill level of the teachers who belong to the Osaka Prefecture Educational Committee were examined in the basic life support (BLS) courses supported by the staffs of the Japanese Society of Reanimatology in 1999. After a written examination to confirm the level of the trainee's knowledge, BLS practice was then performed in small-group style, and a final BLS skill examination was scheduled. The results for time factors and skill level in practice were evaluated by analysis on recording paper for 219 participants. More than half of the trainees (54.8%) have had previous BLS training experience. On the written test, the group with previous BLS experience had a higher rate of correct answers than did the group without previous BLS experience (p<0.001), and BLS experience in the past had a good effect on maintenance of proper knowledge about BLS. However, the rates of excessive ventilation, irregular ventilation pattern and incorrect compression site of heart massage were 40%, 54% and 47%, respectively, among the participants. Though the interval needed from mouth-to-mouth ventilation to heart massage was shorter in the group with previous BLS experience (p <0.005), there were still many points for improvement in BLS skill level.
蘇生 20(2), 149-154, 2001-07-20