オピオイドレセプターの情報伝達系による脱感作の違い [in Japanese] DIFFERENT RATE OF DESENSITIZATION IN THE MULTIPLE SIGNALING PATHWAYS OF OPIOID RECEPTOR [in Japanese]
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RNA-injected <I>Xenopus</I> oocytes were used for studying homologous desensitization of opioid receptors to G-protein-coupled intracellular signaling pathways. In the oocytes expressing K opioid receptor, voltage-dependent Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> channel α<SUP>2+</SUP> and β subunits, the κ agonist U50488H (1 μM) inhibited Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> channel current in a reversible manner, and the inhibition was diminished by sustained agonist exposure (homologous desensitization). More than 10 min was required to halve the inhibition of BI- or Q-type Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> channels by the κ agonist, however, the t<SUB>½</SUB> for U50488H-induced inhibition of BIII- or N-type channels was only 6±1 min. Moreover, in the oocytes expressing κ opioid receptor, EP<SUB>4</SUB> prostaglandin receptor and CFTR channel, no apparent desensitization was observed in the κ receptor-mediated potentiation of the cyclic AMP production by prostaglandin E<SUB>2</SUB> even when the oocytes were treated with U50488H for 2 hours or more. The time-course of desensitization of μ opioid receptor was also different in the effector molecules. These observations suggest that rate of homologous desensitization of opioid receptor is not only dependent on the receptor molecule itself but also on its intracellular signaling systems.
- Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 106, 147-151, 1995-09-01
The Japanese Pharmacological Society