Abnormal Modulation of Cholinergic Neurotransmission by Endogenous Nitric Oxide in the Bronchus of Rats with Hyperresponsiveness Induced by Allergen Challenge

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

The involvement of endogenous nitric oxide (NO)in bronchial cholinergic neurotransmission was compared between normal rats and airway hyperresponsive (AHR)rats. Male Wistar rats were sensitized and repeatedly challenged with dinitrophenylated (DNP)-Ascaris antigen. Twenty-four hours after the last antigenic challenge, enhancements of both the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced bronchoconstriction and acetylcholine (ACh)release were observed. N<SUP>G</SUP>-Monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; NO synthase inhibitor, 0.1 mM)augmented the EFS-induced bronchoconstriction and ACh release without affecting exogenously applied ACh-induced bronchoconstriction in normal rats. Interestingly, the augmentative effects of L-NMMA seen in normal rats were not manifested in AHR rats. Sodium nitroprusside inhibited the EFS-induced bronchoconstriction in a concentration-dependent manner; the inhibition was much larger than that of exogenously applied ACh-induced constriction in both normal and AHR rats. Furthermore, dibutyryl cGMP (3 mM)inhibited the EFS-induced bronchoconstriction with no effect on the ACh-induced bronchoconstriction in both normal and AHR rats. These findings suggest that endogenous NO may have a modulatory role in bronchial cholinergic neurotransmission in normal rats and that the augmented ACh release in the AHR rats may result from the defect of endogenous NO-induced modulation of cholinergic nerve transmission.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 73(2), 125-132, 1997-02-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  21

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008677085
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4153687
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top