Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors on Rat Thymocytes:Their Possible Involvement in DNA Fragmentation

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Author(s)

Abstract

Several studies have shown that the nervous (and hormonal)system controls immune functions. In the present study, we examined the presence of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and the effect of carbachol on DNA fragmentation in adult rat thymocytes. Rat thymocytes possessed high affinity binding sites for the muscarinic antagonist [<SUP>3</SUP>H]3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB). The average number of binding sites per cells was 3000, and the equilibrium dissociation constant of [3H]QNB on intact cell was approximately 80 nM. The binding was inhibited by an Ml and M3-selective antagonist, 4-diphenylacetoxy-<I>N</I>-methylpiperidine methiodine (4-DAMP). Hydrocortisone (100 mg/kg, s.c.)treatment of rats for 2 days prior to sacrifice increased the average number of [<SUP>3</SUP>H]QNB binding sites on thymocytes by 82±33%. The gel electrophoresis of DNA extracted from carbachol-treated thymocytes revealed a ladder pattern typical of intranucleosomal fragmentation. The addition of oxotremorine-M also induced DNA fragmentation and the effects of muscarinic agonists were inhibited by the addition of atropine or 4-DAMP. The results suggest the existence of muscarinic receptors and the possible involvement in apoptosis in thymocytes.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 73(4), 311-316, 1997-04-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  19

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008677774
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4196927
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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