Chronic Therapy with Nipradilol, a β : Adrenergic Blocker, Attenuated Left Ventricular Remodeling Following Myocardial Infarction in Rats

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Author(s)

Abstract

We determined whether chronic treatment with nipradilol, a β-blocker with vasodilating action, reduces left ventricular cavity dilation (LV remodeling) following myocardial infarction and improves cardiac performance. Myocardial infarction was produced by coronary artery ligation in 16-week-old female rats and then the rats were treated for 3-4 months with nipradilol (10 mg/kg/day) or vehicle (0.5% carboxymethylcellulose). The effect of nipradilol on LV remodeling was evaluated by assessing the left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI)and passive pressure-volume relation curve. Since LVEDVI depends on the infarct size, LVEDVI was compared between the vehicle and nipradilol-treated rats with similar infarct size (10-40%). At 3-4 months after myocardial infarct production, the left ventricular end-diastolic volume index in the vehicle-treated rats with myocardial infarction was significantly increased, compared with that in the sham-operated rats without infarction. The nipradilol-treated rats had a significantly smaller left ventricular volume index than the vehicle-treated rats (2.04±0.16 ml/kg in the vehicle-treated group vs 1.36±0.10 ml/kg in the nipradilol-treated group, P<0.01). The maximum cardiac index achieved by volume loading as an index of cardiac performance was significantly greater in the nipradilol group than the vehicle group (254.5 ± 12.6 ml/min kg in the vehicle group vs 347.9 ± 20.2 ml/min kg in the nipradilol group, P <0.01). These results suggest that chronic treatment of nipradilol attenuated left ventricular cavity dilation after myocardial infarction and improved cardiac performance.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 74(2), 171-178, 1997-06-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  26

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008678904
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4260346
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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