Effects of Various Selective Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors on Muscle Contractility in Guinea Pig Ileal Longitudinal Smooth Muscle

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Author(s)

Abstract

The effects of various selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on muscle contractility in guinea pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle were investigated. 1) 3-Isobutyl-l-methyl xanthine (IBMX) or zaprinast markedly inhibited the high K<SUP>+</SUP> or carbachol (CCh)-induced contraction and increased cGMP content of the muscle strip in a concentration-dependent manner. However, these agents only slightly increased the cAMP content. Milrinone or Ro20-1724 also slightly inhibited the high K<SUP>+</SUP> or CCh-induced contraction and increased the cAMP content, but did not increase cGMP. 2) In a fura2-loaded muscle, IBMX or zaprinast inhibited both contractions and the increase in intracellular Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> ([Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>]<SUB>i</SUB>) level induced by high K<SUP>+</SUP> or CCh, although the inhibitory effect on the [Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>]i level was smaller than that on muscle tension. 3) In α-toxin-permeabilized muscles, cGMP, IBMX or zaprinast significantly inhibited the Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>induced contraction. These results suggest that IBMX and zaprinast inhibit muscle contraction in the ileal longitudinal smooth muscles mainly through an increase in cGMP and the inhibitory mechanism of IBMX or zaprinast is involved in the decreases in the [Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>]<SUB>i</SUB> level and sensitivity of contractile elements to Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 75(1), 77-85, 1997-09-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  24

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008679804
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4307647
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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