Stimulatory Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein in Failing Heart of Hamsters and Rats

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Author(s)

Abstract

The role of the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein (Gs) in heart failure is unclear. We therefore determined the amount of protein and mRNA of Gs in the failing myocardium using two animal models: the BIO 53.58 hamster, a model of genetic cardiomyopathy, and adriamycin-treated rats (ADR rats), a model of secondary cardiomyopathy. The maximal number of myocardial β-adrenoceptors in the BIO 53.58 hamsters as well as in the ADR rats was significantly lower than that in the respective controls, indicating that the β-adrenoceptors were down-regulated in heart failure. Analysis by Western blot and Northern blot revealed a significant decrease in Gs protein and mRNA in the BIO 53.58 hamsters relative to the control. There were no differences in the level of Gs protein or mRNA in the ADR rats vs the controls. The functional activity of Gs was investigated by measuring adenylate cyclase activity. The activity of adenylate cyclase in response to stimulation by sodium fluoride or forskolin was decreased in the BIO 53.58 hamsters relative to control animals, whereas no differences were observed in the ADR rats vs the controls. Thus, alterations in Gs in the failing heart appear to differ according to its cause.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 77(1), 23-29, 1998-05-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  41

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008680040
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4503671
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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