Serotonin : Independent Model of Cisplatin : Induced Emesis in the Ferret

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Author(s)

Abstract

<I>para</I>-Chlorophenylalanine (PCPA, 100 - 200 mg/kg) was used as a pharmacological tool to characterize the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) involvement in the emesis occurring 24 hr after the administration of cisplatin (10 mg/kg) in the ferret. PCPA was effective to antagonize the initial 8 hr period of retching and vomiting, but potentiated the emesis that occurred during the remaining 8- to 24-hr observation period. Tissue samples removed from the brainstem at 24 hr post injection of cisplatin alone revealed an elevation of 5-HT, dopamine and homovanillic acid that was antagonized by the injection of PCPA. Cisplatin also induced increases in the urinary levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid that was similarly antagonized by PCPA. Results are discussed in terms of the relevance of 5-HT to the model of cisplatin (10 mg/kg)-induced emesis in the ferret compared to the problem of acute and delayed emesis in man. The residual or delayed phase of cisplatin-induced emesis may involve a 5-HT-independent mechanism.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 78(3), 253-260, 1998-11-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  36

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008680995
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4610813
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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