Decrease in Participation of Nitric Oxide in Nonadrenergic, Noncholinergic Relaxation of Rat Intestine With Age

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Abstract

Participation of nitric oxide in the electrical field stimulation-induced nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) relaxation in various intestinal regions was studied in 2- to 50-week-old Wistar rats. In the jejunum of 2-week-old rats, the extent of the nitric oxide-mediated component of the relaxation of longitudinal muscle was approximately 60 - 70%, whereas the component was 40 - 50% in 4-week-old rats and was absent in 8- and 50-week-old rats. Thus, nitric oxide seems to be the most important mediator at young ages but its significance is lost with age. The same tendency as that in the jejunum was also shown in longitudinal muscle of the ileum, proximal and distal colon, and rectum. The tendency was also shown in the circular muscle of the rectum. Sensitivity of the longitudinal muscle of the jejunum and proximal colon to exogenously added nitric oxide was high in younger rats. Immunoreactive structures for nitric oxide synthase were observed in the circular muscle layer of the rectum. The population of the structures was denser in 4-week-old than that in 50-week-old. The results suggest that NANC relaxation in every region of the intestine at 2-week-old is almost solely mediated by nitric oxide, and its significance as an inhibitory mediator gradually or rapidly decreases with age.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 78(3), 293-302, 1998-11-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  28

Cited by:  5

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008681154
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4610818
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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