Effects of Monatepil Maleate, a New Ca^<2+> Channel Antagonist With α_1 : Adrenoceptor Antagonistic Activity, on Cholesterol Absorption and Catabolism in High Cholesterol Diet : Fed Rabbits

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Author(s)

Abstract

The mechanism of the prophylactic effect against hyperlipidemia by monatepil maleate was investigated in animal models. Monatepil maleate is an antihypertensive agent with Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-channel antagonistic, α<SUB>1</SUB>-adrenergic receptor-blocking, and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. In high cholesterol diet-fed rabbits, monatepil maleate (30 mg/kg, p.o., once daily for 9 weeks) showed a prophylactic effect against increases in total cholesterol and β-lipoprotein. Monatepil maleate significantly accelerated the clearance of radioactivity from the blood after intravenous injection of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) labeled with [1α, 2α (n)-<SUP>3</SUP>H]cholesterol, increasing biliary excretion of [<SUP>3</SUP>H]-bile acids without modifying bile acid composition. Furthermore, monatepil maleate tended to inhibit the absorption of orally administered [1α, 2α (n)-<SUP>3</SUP>H]cholesterol from the gastrointestinal tract in these rabbits. In Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits, an animal model of hepatic LDL receptor deficiency, monatepil maleate (30 mg/kg, p.o., once daily for 6 months) did not suppress the increase in plasma lipids. These results suggest that the plasma lipid lowering effect of monatepil maleate requires the presence of hepatic LDL receptors. It is also suggested that monatepil maleate improves plasma lipid metabolism through two mechanisms: enhancement of clearance of plasma LDL, which may be mediated by up-regulation of hepatic LDL receptors, and acceleration of conversion of free cholesterol to bile acids in the liver.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 78(3), 303-312, 1998-11-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  39

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008681183
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4610819
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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