Creatinine Clearance as a Substitute for the Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Assessment of Glomerular Hemodynamics





A method for the clinical assessment of glomerular hemodynamics has been published previously. We here examined whether, when using this method, renal creatinine clearance (Ccr) can be substituted for the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The study subjects comprised 57 inpatients from Osaka City General Hospital: 30 with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 27 with chronic glomerulonephritis. During the 2-wk study, patients received a high-salt diet for 1 wk and a low-salt diet for 1 wk. Urinary sodium excretion and systemic blood pressure were measured daily. The renal plasma flow, Ccr, and plasma total protein concentration were also evaluated simultaneously on the last day of the high-salt diet. The GFR was also calculated from the fractional renal accumulation of <sup>99m</sup>Tc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). Glomerular hemodynamics, represented by the glomerular capillary hydraulic pressure and the resistance of afferent and efferent arterioles, were calculated using the renal clearance, the plasma total protein concentration, and the pressure-natriuresis relationship. Values for renal hemodynamics with the Ccr-derived GFR were compared with those from the <sup>99m</sup>Tc-DTPA-derived GFR. Ccr values of 53 to 169ml/min correlated with the <sup>99m</sup>Tc-DTPA-derived clearance of 39 to 179ml/min (<i>n</i>=57, <i>r</i>=.71, <i>p</i><.001). Values for the glomerular pressure and the resistances of afferent and efferent arterioles calculated using the Ccr-derived GFR correlated significantly with those calculated using the <sup>99m</sup>Tc-DTPA-derived GFR (<i>r</i>=.99, <i>p</i><.001 and <i>r</i>=.99, <i>p</i><.001, respectively). These results indicate that the Ccr is an accurate representation of the GFR for use in glomerular hemodynamic analysis of the pressure-natriuresis relationship. (<i>Hypertens Res</i> 1999; 22: 279-284)


  • Hypertension research : clinical and experimental : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

    Hypertension research : clinical and experimental : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension 22(4), 279-284, 1999-11-01

    The Japanese Society of Hypertension

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