Volume self-diffusion of oxygen in titanite

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Abstract

Oxygen self-diffusion coefficients in natural titanite (sphene) single crystals were experimentally determined under hydrothermal conditions at 700° to 900°C and 100 MPa water pressure using an ion microprobe (SIMS). Oxygen self-diffusion parallel to the c-axis is described by an Arrhenius relation with pre-exponential factor <i>D</i><sub>0</sub> = 1<sub>–1</sub><sup>+5</sup> × 10<sup>–8</sup> m<sup>2</sup>/sec and activation energy <i>Q</i> = 254 ± 28 kJ/mol. Oxygen diffusion is isotropic within the measurement reproducibility of approximately a factor of 2. The relatively low diffusion coefficients for oxygen yield closure temperatures of 450° to 750°C for small crystals of titanite at typical cooling rates, which suggests that useful data on cooling rates of igneous rocks, or of metamorphic episodes, can be obtained because the size of titanite crystals in rocks is normally small.

Journal

  • GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL

    GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL 30(2), 71-79, 1996-04-01

    GEOCHEMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

References:  25

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008800612
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00654975
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00167002
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
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