被喩詞の意味と比喩表現の意味との違いを示す指標  [in Japanese] The Measurement of the meaning difference between tenor and metaphor/simile  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿では, 比喩の理解過程における再解釈の段階について考察した. 名詞の意味を確率を利用して表現した. 比喩表現の意味は, 喩詞の意味に影響された被喩詞の意味である. 被喩詞の意味と比喩表現の意味との違いを示す指標として, 明瞭性と新奇性とを情報量を用いて定義した. 明瞭性が大きい値となるときは, 比喩表現において属性に関する不確定さが減少したときである. 新奇性が大きい値となるときは, 比喩表現が稀な事象を表わすときである. SD法により比喩表現の意味を測定し, 明瞭性と新奇性とを求めた. 明瞭性が属性の顕著性のパターンに対応する数値であることと, 明瞭性と新奇性とが比喩の理解容易性の指標として適当であることとを示した.

This paper describes the re-interpretation stage of understanding metaphor/simile. We define the meaning of a noun by using probability. The meaning of a metaphor/simile is the meaning of the tenor which is affected by the vehicle. We define “<I>clarity</I>” and “<I>novelty</I>”, which are based on the quantity of information, as measures of the meaning difference between metaphor/simile and tenor. The clarity of an attribute of a metaphor/simile measures the decrease in entropy. The novelty of an attribute of a metaphor/simile measures the increase in rareness. We measured the meanings of similes by using Semantic Differential and calculated their clarity and novelty. We showed that the clarity of an attribute of a simile agreed well with the salience pattern of the vehicle, tenor, and simile. We also showed that the clarity and novelty of a simile agreed with the comprehensibility of the simile.

Journal

  • Journal of Natural Language Processing

    Journal of Natural Language Processing 3(3), 31-51, 1996-07-10

    The Association for Natural Language Processing

References:  14

Cited by:  7

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008826883
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10472659
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    13407619
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  J-STAGE 
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