Amorphous State of Vacuum-Deposited Benzene and Its Crystallization

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Abstract

The structure of benzene films that were vacuum-deposited on cold-metal substrates to be 5—20 μm in thickness was studied with Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Films deposited below 30 K were amorphous. They crystallized when the temperature was raised to about 60 K. If the substrate temperature at sample deposition was set above 45 K, films including crystalline particles were obtained. Structural relaxation in the amorphous state did not take place in an appreciable manner before the crystallization. Only an increase in intramolecular Raman-band intensities was observed during the relaxation in the amorphous state. Such behavior of amorphous benzene is compared with that of amorphous states of other simple organic compounds. The above crystallization temperature is discussed in relation to the previously estimated glass-transition temperature of benzene by referring to NMR data.

Journal

  • Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan

    Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan 69(10), 2831-2838, 1996-10-15

    The Chemical Society of Japan

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008909496
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00580132
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00092673
  • NDL Article ID
    4098814
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-B35
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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