# 2つの正規分布の同等性に関する尤度比検定の検出力特性に関する考察The Power of Likelihood Ratio Tests for Homogeneity of Two Normal Populations

## 抄録

This article deals with the hypothesis test for the homogeneity of two normal populations. The likelihood ratio test is a usual method for such testing. In general theory, the asymptotic distribution of log-likelihood ratio statistics as testing statistics is well known under the null hypothesis, so we may design the test based on the asymptotic distribution. On one hand, the asymptotic distribution of log-likelihood ratio statistics is also considered under the alternative hypothesis. However, in the case that sample sizes are not so large, the asymptotic distributions are not so accurate under the arbitrary hypotheses. Recently, Arizono et al. have derived the cumulant generating function for the log-likelihood ratio statistics under the null hypothesis when the sample size is finite, and enabled to design accurately the null hypothesis test for homogeneity of two normal populations. However, the stochastic properties of log-likelihood ratio statistics under the alternative hypothesis and the power of testing have not been investigated in theory. Therefore, we consider the stochastic properties of log-likelihood ratio statistics under arbitrary hypotheses in this article. Concretely, the cumulant generating function for the log-likelihood ratio statistics and the cumulant of arbitrary order are derived under the arbitrary hypotheses when the sample size is finite. Further, by using the cumulants of log-likelihood ratio statistics derived in this article, we develop the approximation for the distribution of log-likelihood ratio statistics, and propose the theoretical evaluation of the power for the homogeneity hypothesis test.

## 収録刊行物

• 応用統計学

応用統計学 31(2), 141-162, 2002-11-30

Japanese Society of Applied Statistics

## 各種コード

• NII論文ID(NAID)
10010085943
• NII書誌ID(NCID)
AN00330942
• 本文言語コード
JPN
• 資料種別
ART
• ISSN
02850370
• NDL 記事登録ID
6377788
• NDL 雑誌分類
ZM31(科学技術--数学)
• NDL 請求記号
Z15-401
• データ提供元
CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE

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