Formation and Mechanical Properties of Ti-Zr-Ni-Cu Amorphous Alloy Containing Icosahedral Nanoscale Quasicrystalline Phase
Amorphous Ti<SUB>60</SUB>Zr<SUB>15</SUB>Ni<SUB>15</SUB>Cu<SUB>10</SUB> alloy ribbons containing an icosahedral quasicrystalline phase were prepared by melt-spinning. The microstructure of this alloy strongly depends on cooling rate, which controlled by the circumferential velocity of copper roll. At a low velocity of 10 m/s, stable α-Ti/Zr, Ti<SUB>2</SUB>Ni and Ti<SUB>2</SUB>Cu crystalline phases are formed. At the velocities of 15 and 20 m/s, an icosahedral quasicrystal phase (I-phase) is formed directly. At the velocities of 25, 30 and 35 m/s, a mixed structure consisting of I- and amorphous phases is formed and the size of I-phase is in the range of 5–50 nm. At the high velocity of 40 m/s, a single amorphous phase is formed. The DSC traces of these melt-spun alloys obtained during continuous heating from room temperature to 1000 K at a heating rate of 0.67 K/s show distinct exothermic peaks. The amount of the first exothermic heat decreases with a decrease of cooling rate, indicating an increase of the precipitated I-phase in these melt-spun ribbons. For the single amorphous phase ribbon, the Vickers microhardness (<I>H</I><SUB>v</SUB>), tensile fracture strength (σ<SUB>f</SUB>) and distinct plastic elongation (ε) are 460, 1480 and 1.42% respectively. For the nano-scale I-phase bearing amorphous composite ribbons, the σ<SUB>f</SUB>, <I>H</I><SUB>v</SUB> and ε depend on the volume fraction (<I>V</I><SUB>f</SUB>) of the I-phase. The maximum σ<SUB>f</SUB> (1650 MPa) and ε (1.52%) was obtained at about <I>V</I><SUB>f</SUB>=28% with particle size of 5–20 nm.
- Materials transactions
Materials transactions 43(9), 2346-2349, 2002-09-01