Pressure-Driven Sample Injection with Quantitative Liquid Dispensing for On-Chip Electrophoresis

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A novel pressure-driven sample injection method was developed as an alternative to electrokinetic injection, and electrophoretic separation was carried out on a microfabricated device employing this method. This method enables a defined volume of liquid dispensing, followed by instantaneous injection driven by pneumatic pressure, greatly simplifying the injection procedure. A particular microstructure, called a "metering chamber", has been designed for the quantitative dispensing of an ultra-low volume of sample liquid; a "hydrophobic passive valve" equipped with an air vent channel is employed for injecting a dispensed sample into the separation channel. The reproducibility of dispensing was 3.3% (<i>n</i> = 15), expressed by the variation of dispensed volumes. The electrophoretic separation of DNA fragments was performed using this injection method, varying the injection volumes from 0.45 to 4.0 nL, and the separation efficiencies were compared. This precise injection method, easily variable in injection volumes, is highly suitable for quantitative as well as qualitative electrophoretic analyses.

収録刊行物

  • Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry

    Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 20(3), 483-487, 2004-03-10

    The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10012721699
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10500785
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09106340
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6883845
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP4(科学技術--化学・化学工業--分析化学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-F482
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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