Cellular Localization of the Diazepam Binding Inhibitor (DBI) in the Gastrointestinal Tract of Mice and Its Coexistence with the Fatty Acid Binding Protein (FABP)




    • 簗瀬 晴子 YANASE Haruko
    • 北海道大学大学院獣医学研究科解剖学教室 Laboratory of Anatomy, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University
    • SHIMIZU Hidemi
    • Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine and Department of Anatomy, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University
    • KANDA Tatsuo
    • Departments of Surgery, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
    • FUJII Hiroshi
    • Signal Transduction Research, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences


The diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI), initially isolated as an endogenous 10-kDa polypeptide from the brain, has the ability to displace ligands from benzodiazepine binding sites on γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. However, DBI is widely distributed outside the brain, with the highest expression in the intestine. The present <I>in situ</I> hybridization study revealed the cellular expression of DBI mRNA throughout the gastrointestinal tract of mice, showing it to be intensely expressed in the spinous layer in the stratified squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, esophagus and forestomach, in surface mucous cells in the glandular stomach, and in columnar (absorptive) cells of the intestinal villi. A precise identification of DBI-expressing cell types was confirmed immunohistochemically, although the expressing cells detectable by the two histochemical methods differed slightly in their extension. Noteworthily, DBI always coexisted with the fatty acid binding protein (FABP), which participates in the uptake and metabolic processing of long chain fatty acids. In addition to the biochemical finding that DBI is identical with the acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP), the distributional patterns of DBI and its colocalization with FABPs suggests its involvement in the absorption and metabolism of lipid in the epithelia of the digestive tract.


  • Archives of histology and cytology

    Archives of histology and cytology 64(4), 449-460, 2001-10-01

    International Society of Histology and Cytology

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