Isolation of Thermophilic Ammonium-tolerant Bacterium and Its Application to Reduce Ammonia Emission during Composting of Animal Wastes

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A thermophilic bacterium, strain TAT105, was isolated from compost made of animal wastes. TAT105 had high tolerance to ammonium nitrogen up to 1200 m<small>M</small>, and highly assimilated nitrogen during the growth on swine feces. The strain was classified into <I>Bacillus</I>, close to <I>Bacillus pallidus</I>. To evaluate the effect of adding TAT105 to ammonia (NH<SUB>3</SUB>) emission during the composting process of animal wastes, laboratory scale composting was done. NH<SUB>3</SUB> emission tended to be lower and nitrogen loss was smaller in the TAT105-added material than in the control material to which TAT105 was not added. Thermophilic ammonium-tolerant bacteria in the TAT105-added material increased to about 8×10<SUP>9</SUP> CFU/g of dry matter on the average during the tests, and most of them were judged to be TAT105 from morphological colony discrimination. These results suggested the possibility of reducing NH<SUB>3</SUB> emission from composting of animal wastes by adding TAT105.

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  • Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

    Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 68(2), 286-292, 2004-02-23

    公益社団法人 日本農芸化学会

参考文献:  38件中 1-38件 を表示

被引用文献:  7件中 1-7件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10013141650
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10824164
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168451
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6868299
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR2(科学技術--生物学--生化学) // ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-G223
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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