富山県井波町瑞泉寺門前町における景観の再構成 : 観光の舞台・工業の舞台 Landscape Reconstruction in Zuisen-ji Temple Street, Inami, Toyama Prefecture : Tourism and Manufacturing Stages

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本稿は富山県井波町の瑞泉寺門前町の景観を分析し,井波彫刻業が景観形成に果たしな役割を明らかにする.彫刻業者は,1970年代半ば以降門前町に進出し,近世末から近代にかけての商家建築を借り,作業風景や作品が外部から見える工房を意図的に作った.伝統的な彫刻と伝統的な建築物との組合せを,歴史的背景を知らない観光客は,「伝統」的景観と理解するが,両者は歴史的に関連を持たない.ゴッフマンの劇場理論を用いた分析から,門前町には観光と工業の二つの舞台が併存することが明らかになった.前者は「伝統」を,後者は生産をテーマとし,いずれにおいても彫刻業者が主役を演ずる.「伝統」テーマを期待した観光客は,彫刻業者が生産をテーマとしていることを理解しようとせず,彫刻業をアトラクションとして楽しむ.行政・地域社会は,彫刻業を利用した街路の修景などで,舞台を「伝統」テーマに沿って演出した.彫刻業者は工業の舞台にあり続けながら,行政・地域社会が演出した観光地の景観を経営資源として利用している.門前町の景観は,異なる景観形成主体によって演出された舞台の二重構造によって形成された.

This paper analyzes the landscape of the Zuisen-ji temple street of Inami-machi in Toyama Prefecture, and considers roles of woodcarvers in forming a new landscape. The author adopts concept of“theater” which was suggested by Goffman.<br> In the 1910s, two-storied wooden stores lined the street. Roofs of equal height formed a straight skyline. Financial institutions made of stone were added, symbolizing modernization and the arrival of central functions. Inami's economic landscape conveyed a powerful image of vitality. However, the central place function of Inami deteriorated after the 1960s.<br> Inami developed rapidly as tourist area after the latter half of the 1980s. While commerce has declined, woodcarving artisans have begun to be accumulated in the street. Half of the woodcarving studios in the street use the old merchant-style buildings, allowing tourists to watch the work and see the sculptures from the outside. When woodcarvers rent premises for studios in the street, they select traditional merchant-style buildings intentionally. They combine traditional building and traditional industry, and develop a “traditional” image of the stubborn artisan who silently wields a mallet in an old merchant-style building.<br> According to Goffman's theory, tourism and manufacturing in two stages coexist in the street. The settings of the tourism stage include a row of old merchant-style buildings and woodcarving studios. The woodcarvers strengthened “tradition” of the landscape by fitting into the “traditional” stage settings. Local government and a street community preserved the old merchant-style buildings in good condition and decorated the street with stone pavement and woodcarving signboards. The historical background of the woodcarving industry differs from that of the old merchant-style buildings. However, tourists who do not know this regard the landscape as simply “traditional.” The stage shows tourists a performance of which the theme is “tradition.” In the beginning of tourism development, the woodcarvers participated as directors. However, the local government and the community then occupied the position of director and they bestowed the leading onstage role upon the woodcarvers. They utilize the woodcarvers as a tourism resource. The local government and the community have thus cleverly shifted the theme of the woodcarvers from “production” to “tradition.”<br> At the manufacturing stage, the woodcarvers behave as honest producers according to a production theme. They are managers of small businesses, and their dramaturgy is to obtain the trust of customers. From the position of the tourists who cannot understand the manufacturing stage, the woodcarvers' earnest and honest manner is the most attractive. Exposure to tourists leads the woodcarvers to new customer acquisition. The woodcarvers therefore utilize the direction of the local government and the community for their own profit.<br> The landscape of the street reflects the strategy of the woodcarvers, the local government, and the community. The dual structure of the two stages is hidden behind in the landscape of the street.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論

    地理学評論 76(13), 957-978, 2003-11-01

    公益社団法人 日本地理学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10013252189
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11591990
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    13479555
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6747614
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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