Gender Differences in the Association between Psychosocial Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Japanese Junior High School Students

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著者

    • TAKAKURA Minoru
    • Department of School Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Ryukyus
    • SAKIHARA Seizo
    • Department of Health Sociology, School of Health Sciences, University of Ryukyus

抄録

To determine psychosocial factors associated both with depressive symptoms and with gender differences in depressive symptoms among junior high school students, we conducted self- administered questionnaires using a sample of 2, 660 students of 13 public junior high schools in Okinawa, Japan.<br> Depressive symptomatology was measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The psychosocial variables examined were life stresses, social support, health practices, self-esteem, and locus of control. Depressive symptoms were positively associated with life stresses and negatively associated with health practices, social support, self-esteem, and internal locus of control. In addition, female students were likely to report more depressive symptoms, life stresses, and low self- esteem and poor health practices. After controlling for the psychosocial variables differed by gender, gender differences in depressive symptoms were eliminated.<br> In conclusion, for depressive symptoms of junior high school students, life stresses might be risk factors, but positive health practices, social support, high self-esteem, and internal locus of control might be protective factors. Gender differences in depressive symptoms could be explained by the females' elevation on these psychosocial variables.<br> <i>J Epidemiol</i>, 2000 ; 10 : 383-391

収録刊行物

  • Journal of epidemiology

    Journal of epidemiology 10(6), 383-391, 2000-11

    日本疫学会

参考文献:  46件中 1-46件 を表示

被引用文献:  3件中 1-3件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10013258641
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10952696
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09175040
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  J-STAGE 
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