デジタルアーカイブの現状 Digital Archives Today
The term “digital archives” has a unique usage in Japan that is not accurately defined in English speaking countries. The original meaning of archives is “the place iwhere records are preserved, a repository.” However, digital archives cover “tangible and intangible cultural assets”, and utilize archiving techniques including “leading-edge multimedia technology” and “high - definition digital imagery”, as well as “advanced information networks” as a meaning of data transmission. Digital archives, which started from the digital processing of collected resources, will take on the functions of collection and transmission center not only of text and image information, but also every form of digitized information including sounds, music, images, animation, and games. Furthermore, through the digitization of collected resources, supported by the growth of the Internet, we are aiming for perusal “at any time, by anyone, from anywhere” and ready access searches of literature and data using complete bibliographical and archived catalog. Digital archives necessitate in addition to the ownership and copyright of original works stored as data, the protection of copyrights, related rights, and billing for data creators. Further still, for “databases equipped with search functions,” which is technological issue regarding construction, “common index systems” and “consolidated high-speed index technology utilizing metadata” are necessary.
日本印刷学会誌 41(3), 134-141, 2004-06-30