Reduction Behavior of Hematite to Magnetite under Fluidized Bed Conditions

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著者

    • THURNHOFER Albin
    • Christian Doppler Laboratory for Chemical Engineering at High Temperatures
    • WINTER Franz
    • Christian Doppler Laboratory for Chemical Engineering at High Temperatures
    • MALI Heinrich
    • Department of Geological Sciences, Geology and Economic Geology, Montanuniversitat Leoben

抄録

Reduction kinetic tests of Mt. Newman hematite ore from Western Australia were carried out in a laboratory-scale fluidized bed reactor at temperatures from 623 to 873 K and an absolute pressure of 10 bar. The reducing gas mixture was thermodynamically in equilibrium with magnetite and consisted of a mixture of H<sub>2</sub>, H<sub>2</sub>O, CO, CO<sub>2</sub> and CH<sub>4</sub>. The effect of temperature and residence time was studied. The original ore and its mineralogical and petrographical changes with increasing reduction time were analyzed. A reflected-light microscope technique with CCD-camera was used to determine the progress and the mechanism of reduction. According to the mineralogy and texture the ore could be classified in four types (coarse hematite, microplaty hematite, limonite and martite) with different reduction characteristics. Limonite and martite showed better reducibility than coarse and fine hematite.<br>At all ore types the growth of dense magnetite rims was observed. The thickness of these layers was found to be linear proportional to reduction time. After analyzing the single steps of the reduction process the phase interface reaction turned out to be rate controlling between 673 and 773 K. Its activation energy is 91 kJ/mol.

収録刊行物

  • ISIJ international

    ISIJ international 44(7), 1125-1133, 2004-07-15

    The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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