鎌倉市由比ヶ浜地域出土中世人骨の刀創  [in Japanese] Analysis of Injuries by Swords in Medieval Japanese Skeletons from Yuigahama, Kamakura  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

鎌倉市の由比ヶ浜地域には大量の中世人骨が出土している静養館遺跡,由比ヶ浜南遺跡(単体埋葬墓),中世集団墓地遺跡(No. 372)および材木座遺跡の4遺跡があり,これらの出土人骨の刀創の特徴を比較検討した。刀創受傷率は材木座遺跡が最も高く65.7%であり,次に静養館遺跡が6.6%で,中世集団墓地遺跡は1.4%,由比ヶ浜南単体埋葬人骨は1.3%であった。刀創人骨のうちの斬創が占める割合は,静養館遺跡が100%,由比ヶ浜南遺跡が66.6%,中世集団墓地遺跡が75.0%,材木座遺跡が2.7%であった。一方,掻創が占める割合は材木座遺跡が82.3%で圧倒的に高く,中世集団墓地遺跡は2個体だけで25.0%,静養館遺跡と由比ヶ浜南遺跡の出土人骨には掻創は認められなかった。由比ヶ浜地域(前浜)は主として14世紀に中世都市鎌倉の埋葬地として使用されたと考えられるが,遺跡間および同一遺跡内の各墓抗間においても人骨の埋葬形態に差異があることが明らかであり,今後の広範囲な分野から更なる解析・検討が必要である。<br>

The authors would like to discuss the different bone regions of the many kinds of skeletal injuries caused by sharp weapons among four archaeological sites in Yuigahama area, Kamakura, Japan. The method of classifying the injuries in this study was essentially that described by Suzuki et al. (1956). The injuries were found in 6 out of 91 skeletons (6.6%) from Seiyoukan site, in 9 out of 667 skeletons (1.3%) from Yuigahama-minami site, and in 8 out of 592 skeletons (1.4%) from Cyuusei-Syuudan-Boti site. Suzuki et al. (1956) reported that the injuries were found in 186 out of 283 skeletons (65.7%) from Zaimokuza site. All of 6 injured skulls were the gashes in the skeletons of Seiyoukan site. The majority of the injuries in Zaimokuza skulls were of the scratches (82.3%), while only 2.7% was of the gashes. On the other hand, no injury of the scratch was found in both Seiyoukan and Yuigahama-minami individuals. Suzuki et al. (1956) assumed that the scratches were made in scraping the soft parts from the skull for some purpose after death. It is interesting that the injuries by the sword in the medieval Japanese skeletons of Zaimokuza site were distinguishable from those in the skeletons of other three archaeological sites in Yuigahama area, Kamakura.<br>

Journal

  • Anthropological Science (Japanese Series)

    Anthropological Science (Japanese Series) 112(1), 19-26, 2004-06-01

    The Anthropological Society of Nippon

References:  15

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10013280976
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11307827
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    13443992
  • NDL Article ID
    7035883
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS1(科学技術--人類学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-11
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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