Dust Formation by Bubble-burst Phenomenon at the Surface of a Liquid Steel Bath

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We have developed an experimental device for studying the main mechanism of dust formation in electric arc furnace steelmaking: the burst of gas bubbles at the liquid steel surface. As in the case of the air-water system, the bubble-burst process takes place in three steps: breaking of the film cap, projection of film drops, and projection of jet drops. The film break and the jet drop formation are observed with a high-speed video camera. The film drop aerosol enters a particle counter, which characterizes the drops in size and number. Results are presented and discussed. The quantification of both types of projections leads to the conclusion that the film drop projections represent the major source of dust. The amount of film drops greatly decreases with the parent bubble size. Bubbles with diameter under 4 mm theoretically do not produce film drops. Decreasing the CO-bubble size enough would therefore represent an effective solution for reducing drastically the electric arc furnace dust emission.

収録刊行物

  • ISIJ international

    ISIJ international 44(8), 1328-1333, 2004-08-15

    一般社団法人 日本鉄鋼協会

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