Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Waste Paper in an External Loop Airlift Bubble Column with Continuous Ultrasonic Irradiation

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著者

    • Seki Kana SEKI Kana
    • Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University
    • YOSHIMOTO Makoto
    • Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University
    • FUKUNAGA Kimitoshi
    • Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University
    • NAKAO Katsumi
    • Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University

抄録

The enzymatic hydrolysis of shredded office paper as a model of waste paper was carried out in an external loop airlift bubble column with continuous ultrasonic irradiation. The paper used was 6 × 12 mm in size and suspended much less easily compared to a microcrystalline cellulose powder of 35 to 65 <I>μ</I>m in diameter. Oxygen in the sparging air exerted no inhibitory effect on the enzymatic hydrolysis and the location of a horn for ultrasonic irradiation in the downcomer was slightly more efficient than that in the riser to enhance the hydrolysis. Even in the case of no ultrasonic irradiation, the enzymatic hydrolysis in the airlift reactor proceeded as a two-stage process as opposed to that in the previous stirred tank reactor. This was ascribed to a shear stress acting on the surface of office paper in the gas-sparging section in the riser in the same way as in the ultrasonic irradiation section in the stirred tank. The enzymatic hydrolysis in the ultrasonic airlift reactor was enhanced by the gas-sparging as well as ultrasonic irradiation. As a result, the external loop airlift bubble column was found to be more advantageous for higher sugar concentrations compared to the stirred tank reactor. The time courses were kinetically analyzed and simulated based on the kinetic model proposed previously. It was shown that the ultimate sugar concentration increased with an increasing initial substrate concentration and ultrasonic intensity, and that the apparent kinetic constant increased with the intensity.

収録刊行物

  • Journal of chemical engineering of Japan

    Journal of chemical engineering of Japan 37(8), 1041-1049, 2004-08-01

    公益社団法人 化学工学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10013537571
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA00709658
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    00219592
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    7051628
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-R395
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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