Energy Harvesting Using a Piezoelectric "Cymbal" Transducer in Dynamic Environment
In this study, we investigated the capability of harvesting the electrical energy from mechanical vibrations in a dynamic environment through a "cymbal" piezoelectric transducer. Targeted mechanical vibrations lie in the range of 50–150 Hz with force amplitude in the order of 1 kN (automobile engine vibration level). It was found that under such severe stress conditions the metal–ceramic composite transducer "cymbal" is a promising structure. The metal cap enhances the endurance of the ceramic to sustain high loads along with stress amplification. In this preliminary study, the experiments were performed at the frequency of 100 Hz on a cymbal with 29 mm diameter and 1 mm thickness under a force of 7.8 N. At this frequency and force level, 39 mW power was generated from a cymbal measured across a 400 k$\Omega$ resistor. A DC–DC converter was designed which allowed the transfer of 30 mW power to a low impedance load of 5 k$\Omega$ with a 2% duty cycle and at a switching frequency of 1 kHz.
- Japanese journal of applied physics. Pt. 1, Regular papers & short notes
Japanese journal of applied physics. Pt. 1, Regular papers & short notes 43(9A), 6178-6183, 2004-09-15
Published by the Japan Society of Applied Physics through the Institute of Pure and Applied Physics