Nb/Alバルク複合体中での1873-2073KにおけるA15型Nb_3Alの生成と成長 : 第1報. 層状A15相の平面状成長 Formation and Growth of A15 Type Nb_3Al in a Nb/Al Composite at 1873-2073K : Part I. Planar Growth of the A15-Phase Layers
Formation of A15 type Nb<SUB>3</SUB>Al phase at the interface between solid Nb and liquid Al in a bulky Nb/Al composite has been studied at as high temperatures as from 1873 to 2073 K. The A15-phase layer grows keeping the interfaces planar when heated at 2023 K or lower, whereas the interface adjacent to Nb solid solution, Nb<SUB>s.s</SUB>, becomes “nonplanar” when heated at 2073 K. It is suggested that the formation process of A15 phase consists of three stages; the rapid dissolution of Nb into liquid Al until nucleation of A15 phase at the Nb/Al interface, and the following two stages (1<SUP>st</SUP> and 2<SUP>nd</SUP> ones) for growth of A15 phase. The planar growth rate of A15-phase on the 1<SUP>st</SUP> stage is considerably faster than that on the 2<SUP>nd</SUP> one. A model for the planar growth rate of A15-lphase on the 2<SUP>nd</SUP> stage has been presented. The model is based on the unidirectional inter-diffusion fluxes of Nb and Al atoms in the three sequential regions of Nb<SUB>s.s</SUB>, A15 and σ-phases. The “nonplanar” growth of A15-phase will be detailed in Part II of the present study.
- 日本金屬學會誌 = Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
日本金屬學會誌 = Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals 68(9), 769-775, 2004-09-20