Geometrical Assessment of Ocular Exposure to Envirmmental UV Radiation : Implications for Ophthalmic Epidemiology




    • SLINEY David H.
    • Laser/Optical Radiation Program, U. S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground


An examination of the occurrence of skin cancers and precancerous lesions among residents of Kasai City (34-56' N) since 1992, and of le-island (25&N 10' N) since 1993, has been conducted to characterize the prevalence and incidence of skin cancers in Japanese people and to evaluate risk and preventive factors. The mean prevalence of actinic keratosis (AK) in residents of Kasai City and le-island was 203.33 and 756.26, respectively, indicating that twice the dose of UVB radiation causes a 3-4 fold higher incidence of AK, although life styles, including types of occupations, differ in these two locations. Working outdoors, having skin type I and/or a history of severe sunburns during childhood were found to be important risk factors, while the use of cosmetics after 20 years of age was a protective factor, for AK and possibly for skin cancers. Further, sunscreen use among males over 60 years of age in Kasai City from 1994 through 1998 suggested that sunscreen use may reduce AK development in older people. Four and 12 cases of skin cancers were found in residents of Kasai City (from 1992 to 1997) and on le-island (from 1993 to 1998), respectively. These numbers are too small to establish the prevalence of skin cancer in Japanese, but indicate that people living in areas of higher ambient solar radiation have a higher incidence of skin cancer. This epidemiological study strongly indicates that sun protection is the major modality to reduce sun-induced cutaneous tumors in Japanese. J Epidemiol, 1999 ; 9 : S14-S21.


  • Journal of epidemiology

    Journal of epidemiology 9(6), S22-S32, 1999-12


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