Difference between Cr and Ni K-edge XANES Spectra of Rust Layers Formed on Fe-Based Binary Alloys Exposed to Cl-Rich Environment
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The rust layer formed on weathering steel possesses a strong protective ability against corrosives in an atmosphere. This ability is related to the structure of the rust layer. The difference in the protective ability of a rust layer in a Cl-rich environment between conventional weathering steel containing Cr and advanced weathering steel containing Ni is believed to be caused by the differences in local structural and chemical properties between alloying elements, Cr and Ni, in the rust layer. In order to examine the effect of these alloying elements on the structure of the rust layer formed on steel in a Cl-rich environment, we have performed Cr and Ni K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) measurements for the rust layer of Fe-Cr and Fe-Ni binary alloys exposed to a Cl-rich atmosphere using synchrotron radiation. The results of the Cr K-edge XANES measurements for the rust layer of Fe-Cr binary alloys show that the atomic geometry around Cr depends on the concentration of Cr. Therefore, it is expected that the local structure around Cr in the rust layer is unstable. On the other hand, from the results of the Ni K-edge XANES measurements for the rust layer of Fe-Ni binary alloys, Ni is considered to be positioned at a specific site in the crystal structure of a constituent of the rust layer, such as akaganéite or magnetite. As a consequence, Ni negligibly interacts with Cl<SUP>−</SUP> ions in the rust layer.
- MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS 46(1), 136-139, 2005-01-20
The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials