Change in Food Intake Frequency at Five Years after Baseline in the JACC Study

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Author(s)

    • SUZUKI Sadao
    • Department of Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • KAWADO Miyuki
    • Department of Hygiene, Fujita Health University School of Medicine
    • TOKUDOME Shinkan
    • Department of Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • TAMAKOSHI Akiko
    • Department of Preventive Medicine/Biostatistics and Medical Decision Making, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In a cohort study, information on an individual is taken at baseline, after which it usually remains fixed. There is some risk that this will lead to misclassification and cause weakened or biased results. To prevent such distortion, following up of exposure is important, although it is still scarce in practice.<BR>METHODS: In the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study) sponsored by Monbusho (Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan), 37,838 (14,531 males and 23,307 females) subjects out of a cohort of 127,477 inhabitants answered an interim questionnaire on food intake frequency consisting of 33 items about five years after registration. The longterm reproducibility was assessed using Spearman's correlation coefficients and agreement. From data at two time points, longitudinal change, age effect, and secular trend were examined. Subjective changes in these items at the time of the interim survey were also compared to longitudinal changes.<BR>RESULTS: Spearman's correlation coefficients varied from 0.27 (fruit juice in males) to 0.55 (beef in females and milk in males), and agreement from 29.9% (fruit juice in males) to 61.4% (liver in females). Correlation was relatively stronger in meat and dairy products and weaker in vegetables and fruits. In both males and females, most increased food item was edible wild plants followed by confectioneries (males) and yogurt (females).<BR>CONCLUSION: Over five years, food intake was considerably changed. These interim data could be used for a long-term follow-up study to prevent the results becoming weakened or biased.<BR><I>J Epidemiol</I> 2005; 15: S48-S55.

Journal

  • Journal of Epidemiology

    Journal of Epidemiology 15, S48-S55, 2005-03-01

    Japan Epidemiological Association

References:  13

Cited by:  3

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10015468188
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10952696
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09175040
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  J-STAGE 
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