認知症高齢者に対する介護職員の発話調節 : 発話ターゲットおよび発話者の差異からの検討  [in Japanese] Speech Accommodations for the Elderly with Dementia by Nursing Home Staff  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は,高齢者に対する発話調節について,認知症高齢者に対する場合,および発話者が介護職員である場合の特徴を明らかにすることであった.介護職員,一般成人各24名に対して,発話ターゲットとして同世代の成人,健康な高齢者,認知症高齢者を想定させた模擬的な話しかけの課題を実施した.また各ターゲットに対して発話調節を行うことの適切さの程度についても回答を求めた.話しかけ音声6カテゴリー14指標について分析を行い,ターゲットが高齢者であること,および認知症高齢者であることで促進される発話調節が別個に存在すること,また介護職員の特徴として特定のスピーチ・レジスターが使用されることが示された.一方,適切さの程度の評価では,発話者にかかわらず,同世代の成人,健康な高齢者,認知症高齢者の順で単純加算的に発話を調節するのが望ましいと評価されていた.以上の結果から介護職員の特性を中心に考察を行った.

This study aims to clarify features of speech accommodation by nursing care staff members when communicating with the elderly suffering from dementia. This study takes as subjects nursing care staff members and adults of the same generation with no relevant specialization. These two groups were asked to talk to people of the same generation (peer condition), healthy elderly people (golden ager condition), and elderly people suffering from dementia (dementia condition) as speech targets in implemented speech simulation. This study also requested the two groups to give their opinions about the degree of appropriateness of the speech accommodation for each target. Analyzing six categories and 14 indices of the sound of the voices, this study demonstrates that a separate speech accommodation exists, promoted when the targets are the elderly and the elderly with dementia. This study also shows that a specific speech register is used as a feature of nursing care staff members. Meanwhile, in the assessment of the degree of appropriateness, the desirable degree of speech accommodation was reached by adults in the same generation, healthy elderly people, and elderly people with dementia in that order. The results were separate from those for the sound of the voice.

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION DISORDERS

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION DISORDERS 22(1), 1-11, 2005-04-30

    Japanese Association of Communication Disorders

References:  26

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10015684680
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11835698
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    13478451
  • NDL Article ID
    7386441
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1914
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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