Organic Anion Transporter Family : Current Knowledge

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Author(s)

Abstract

Organic anion transporters (OATs) play an essential role in the elimination of numerous endogenous and exogenous organic anions from the body. The renal OATs contribute to the excretion of many drugs and their metabolites that are important in clinical medicine. Several families of multispecific organic anion and cation transporters, including OAT family transporters, have recently been identified by molecular cloning. The OAT family consists of six isoforms (OAT1 – 4, URAT1, and rodent Oat5) and they are all expressed in the kidney, while some are also expressed in the liver, brain, and placenta. The OAT family represents mainly the renal secretory and reabsorptive pathway for organic anions and is also involved in the distribution of organic anions in the body, drug-drug interactions, and toxicity of anionic substances such as nephrotoxic drugs and uremic toxins. In this review, current knowledge of and recent progress in the understanding of several aspects of OAT family members are discussed.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Pharmacological Sciences

    Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 100(5), 411-426, 2006-05-15

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  106

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Cited by:  13

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10018238661
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11806667
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL Article ID
    7963178
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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