Periventricular Leukomalacia with Late-Onset Circulatory Dysfunction of Premature Infants : Correlation with Severity of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings and Neurological Outcomes

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Author(s)

    • KOBAYASHI SATORU
    • Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Congenital Disorders, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • FUJIMOTO SHINJI
    • Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Congenital Disorders, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • FUKUDA SUMIO
    • Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Congenital Disorders, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • HATTORI AYAKO
    • Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Congenital Disorders, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • TOGARI HAJIME
    • Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Congenital Disorders, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences

Abstract

The incidence of late-onset circulatory dysfunction (LCD) of premature infants, which is characterized by sudden hypotension and oliguria, has recently increased in Japan. This condition suddenly occurs after several days of age without obvious causes in preterm infants with stable respiration and circulation. Intravenous steroids frequently improve the hypotension. The main problem with LCD is the subsequent and frequent onset of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), and neurological development appears to be worse in PVL patients with LCD than those without LCD. The aim of this study was to determine whether the severity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and neurological outcomes differ between infants who developed PVL after LCD and those who developed PVL without LCD. We retrospectively studied preterm infants who were delivered at less than 33 weeks of gestation between the years 2000 and 2003. During the study period, 10 and 26 infants developed PVL with and without LCD, respectively. The incidence of severe or moderate MRI findings was significantly higher in PVL patients with LCD (100%) than those without LCD (50%; <i>p</i> < 0.05). The incidence of severe cerebral palsy was 88% in PVL infants with LCD and 43% in PVL infants without LCD (<i>p</i> < 0.05). Moreover, the incidence of visual disorders was significantly higher in PVL infants with LCD (63%) than those without LCD (9%; <i>p</i> < 0.01). In conclusion, neurological outcomes are worse in preterm infants who develop PVL with LCD than those without LCD, which is well correlated to the severity judged by MRI findings.

Journal

  • The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine

    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 210(4), 333-339, 2006-12-01

    Tohoku University Medical Press

References:  24

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10018809915
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00863920
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00408727
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  J-STAGE 
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