Distribution of S-alleles in island populations of flowering cherry, Prunus lannesiana var. speciosa

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We surveyed the distribution of <i>S</i>-alleles in natural island populations of <i>Prunus lannesiana</i> var. <i>speciosa</i> sampled from seven sites on the Izu Peninsula and six Izu islands, Japan. The <i>S</i>-genotypes of sampled individuals were determined by Southern analysis of RFLPs generated by restriction enzyme digestion of genomic DNA, using cDNA of the S-RNase gene as a probe. All individuals were heterozygous, as expected under gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI). Sixty-three <i>S</i>-alleles were observed in the species, but 12 private to the Izu Peninsula population seemed to be derived from related species, giving a total of 75. The estimated number of <i>S</i>-alleles in each population ranged from 26 to 62, and was inversely correlated with the respective population’s distance from the Izu Peninsula, the closest point in the mainland to the islands. This geographical cline in the estimated numbers of <i>S</i>-alleles suggests that gene flow to and from the distant island populations was less frequent, and that the studied species has migrated from the mainland to the Izu islands. The genetic relationship at the <i>S</i>-locus among populations also gave an “isolation by distance” pattern. The genetic differentiation at the <i>S</i>-locus among the populations was very low (<i>F</i><sub>ST</sub> = 0.014, <i>p</i> < 0.001). The number of <i>S</i>-alleles in the species did not seem to depend on genetic differences associated with population subdivisions. This might be due to the greater effective migration rates of <i>S</i>-alleles, as expected under balancing selection in GSI.<br>


  • Genes & Genetic Systems

    Genes & Genetic Systems 82(1), 65-75, 2007-02-25

    The Genetics Society of Japan

References:  36

Cited by:  1


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