Effect of Suckling on Embryo Production by Repeated Ovum Pick-Up Before and After Timed Artificial Insemination in Early Postpartum Japanese Black Cows

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Author(s)

Abstract

We investigated whether suckling would affect embryo production of cows bred by timed artificial insemination (TAI) following an ovulation synchronization protocol combined with ovum pick-up and progesterone releasing intravaginal device (OPU-PRID-TAI protocol). The number of oocytes and transferable embryos collected by repeated OPU, performed before and after TAI, were recorded. A total of 14 Japanese Black cows were divided into weaned (n=7) and suckled groups (n=7). All 14 cows were treated with OPU on day 0 (the first day of treatment) and then with a PRID for 9 days. Prostaglandin F<sub>2</sub><sub>α</sub> analog was administered on day 7, GnRH analog was administered on day 10 (36 h after removal of the PRID) and TAI was performed 12 h later. Ovulation was confirmed by palpation per rectum the following day. After TAI, additional OPU sessions were performed on days 18, 25 and 32. The synchronized ovulation rates of the weaned and suckled groups were 100 and 85.7%, and the conception rates were 71.4 and 42.9%, respectively. Immature oocytes were fertilized and cultured <i>in vitro</i>. The numbers of oocytes collected and blastocysts generated were similar between the individual OPU sessions in both groups. However, the total numbers of oocytes collected, cultured oocytes, cleavage embryos and blastocysts as well as the proportions of cleavage embryos and blastocysts to cultured oocytes were all significantly (P<0.05) greater in the weaned group compared with the suckled group. These results suggest that the OPU-PRID-TAI protocol has the potential to produce a significant number of good-quality embryos <i>in vitro</i> after repeated OPU in early postpartum weaned Japanese Black cows. To collect more oocytes and produce more embryos, we suggest that calves be removed from cows scheduled for treatment using this protocol.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Reproduction and Development

    Journal of Reproduction and Development 54(5), 346-351, 2008-10-01

    THE SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

References:  31

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10024412285
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10936678
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09168818
  • NDL Article ID
    9690030
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-H305
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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