近年の中国養蚕業の発展とその要因 : 「東桑西移」政策の評価  [in Japanese] Recent Development of Chinese Cocoon Production and Its Underlying Factors : An Evaluation of the Project 'The Western Shift of the Eastern Mulberry'  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

中国は世界のシルク生産の70%以上、シルク貿易の80%以上を占めるシルク「大国」である。過去2度の繭戦争を経験し、世界のシルク需要の停滞を迎えた後、今世紀に入って再びシルク生産を拡大しつつあり、未だシルク「大国」であると同時に、ますます国際シルク市場への影響を強めている。これは、中国東部沿海部における養蚕主産地の著しい経済発展と都市化に伴い、養蚕産地の東部沿海地域から西部内陸地域への移動、いわゆる「東桑西移」によるものであると指摘されている。しかし、必ずしも東部沿海地域における養蚕生産は減少しておらず、西部地域、特に広西壮族自治区(以下、広西自治区)における養蚕業の発展が顕著であることに起因していると考えられる。そこで本稿では、旧主産地の一つである浙江省と新興産地である広西自治区に注目し、近年の中国養蚕業の発展とその要因について明らかにする。

China is a ‘big silk country’ accounting for more than 70% of world silk production and more than 80% of the world silk trade. After the second cocoon war, Chinese cocoon production declined during the late 1990s, Since 2000, however, it has recovered with a shift in the major cocoon producing regions, which is propagated as the project ‘the Western Shift of the Eastern Mulberry’. The purpose of this paper is to make clear the actual situation and meanings of the project ‘the Western Shift of the Eastern Mulberry’.<br>Since 2000, while cocoon production in the traditional cocoon producing regions in the eastern provinces, such as Jiangsu and Zhejiang, has not decreased, it has increased rapidly in the newly industrialized regions, like Guangxi in the western provinces, for example. In the traditional provinces, cocoon production was maintained because sericulture has shifted to the poorer districts within the same province. Rapid growth of cocoon production in Guangxi, on the other hand, depended on high profitability with higher productivity and recent high prices. These facts imply that a demarcation between the cocoon producing and consuming regions has become distinct, rather than a westward shift in sericulture having taken place.<br>Sustaining sericulture in the eastern provinces and the rapid growth in the western provinces has enabled China to strengthen her status as a ‘big silk country’ and contributed to the improvement of farm income in the poorer rural areas.

Journal

  • Journal of Rural Problems

    Journal of Rural Problems 44(3), 461-469, 2008-12-25

    The Association for Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics

References:  12

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10024771105
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00202829
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    03888525
  • NDL Article ID
    9793034
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR21(科学技術--農林水産--林産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-410
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE  JASI 
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