指導方法の違いが動作学習に与える影響について : チェイニング法を中心とした指導方法の効果について  [in Japanese] The Effects of Different Guidance on Behavior Learning  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

〔目的〕模擬大腿義足歩行を課題として,チェイニング法(介入群)と一度に歩行周期全てを指導する練習法(対照群)の効果を歩行技能変化から検討した。〔対象方法〕健常男性20名に対し,設定した歩行路の歩行時間,膝折れおよび歩行路はみ出し総回数を練習前後および1週間ごとに測定した。また,練習は初回のみとし,それぞれの指導方法で行った。〔結果〕両群ともに練習直後の歩行時間,膝折れおよび非義足側のはみ出し総回数で改善が認められた。また群間比較では,練習直後から2ヶ月後まで,介入群でより高い歩行技能が維持されていた。〔結語〕今回の介入群に用いた練習は,対照群の練習に比べより高い歩行技能を維持できることが示唆された。<br>

[Purpose] This research considered a practice program consisting of the use of the Chaining Method in walking with a simulated prosthetic femur, and studied the influence this practice exerts on skills in walking with a prosthetic leg. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects consisted of 20 able-bodied people who had no experience of walking with a simulated artificial leg. The intervention group practiced using the Chaining Method, while the control group practiced after having been given the entire instructions all at once. Records were kept of the time taken to achieve the walk, the total number of times the knee was bent during the walk, and the total number of times straying from the path, for each leg. Subsequently, measurements were taken every week during a two-month period. [Results] Significant differences were found between the two groups in the amount of time taken to walk before and after practice. Also, in just a two-month period, the intervention group showed the benefit of intervention in the same evaluation items, compared to the control group. [Remarks] We think that, in using the Chaining Method, the intervention group could practice by focusing only on insufficient movements, which resulted in adoption and retention of the sequence of movements.<br>

Journal

  • Rigakuryoho Kagaku

    Rigakuryoho Kagaku 24(1), 93-97, 2009-02-20

    The Society of Physical Therapy Science

References:  5

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10025402793
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10472896
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    13411667
  • NDL Article ID
    10213183
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF21(教育--体育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1893
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top