Neuronal Injury Induces Cytokine-Induced Neutrophil Chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) Production in Astrocytes

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Author(s)

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates a pivotal role for neuroinflammation in ischemic and excitotoxic brain injury. Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) is a CXC chemokine implicated in the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the brain parenchyma. In this study, we investigated the effect of <i>N</i>-methyl-<sc><font size = "-2">D</font></sc>-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neuronal injury on CINC-1 production in the organotypic cortico-striatal slice cultures. Treatment with 50 μM NMDA for 3 – 4 h caused devastating neuronal damage and increased CINC-1 production. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the CINC-1 immunoreactivity was predominantly detected in astrocytes. NMDA failed to induce CINC-1 production in enriched astrocyte cultures or neuron-depleted slice cultures, suggesting that NMDA acted on neuronal cells to induce astrocytic CINC-1 production. NMDA-induced CINC-1 mRNA expression was significantly inhibited by U0126, a mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK) inhibitor. These results suggest that NMDA-evoked neuronal injury induced astrocytic CINC-1 production via a MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Manipulation of this signaling pathway may serve as a target for suppressing neuroinflammation and, thereby, treating ischemic brain injury.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Pharmacological Sciences

    Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 109(1), 88-93, 2009-01-20

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  25

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10025733786
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11806667
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    13478613
  • NDL Article ID
    9773144
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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