How to Improve the Success Rate of Mouse Cloning Technology

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Author(s)

Abstract

It has now been 13 years since the first cloned mammal Dolly the sheep was generated from somatic cells using nuclear transfer (SCNT). Since then, this technique has been considered an important tool not only for animal reproduction but also for regenerative medicine. However, the success rate is still very low and the mechanisms involved in genomic reprogramming are not yet clear. Moreover, the NT technique requires donated fresh oocyte, which raises ethical problems for production of human cloned embryo. For this reason, the use of induced pluripotent stem cells for genomic reprogramming and for regenerative medicine is currently a hot topic in this field. However, we believe that the NT approach remains the only valid way for the study of reproduction and basic biology. For example, only the NT approach can reveal dynamic and global modifications in the epigenome without using genetic modification, and it can generate offspring from a single cell or even a frozen dead body. Thanks to much hard work by many groups, cloning success rates are increasing slightly year by year, and NT cloning is now becoming a more applicable method. This review describes how to improve the efficiency of cloning, the establishment of clone-derived embryonic stem cells and further applications.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Reproduction and Development

    Journal of Reproduction and Development 56(1), 20-30, 2010-02-01

    THE SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

References:  136

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Cited by:  5

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10026323136
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10936678
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09168818
  • NDL Article ID
    10581547
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-H305
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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