喉頭摘出者のセルフヘルプ・グループから得ている支援内容とストレス対処パターンとの関連  [in Japanese] Relationship between Factors Support from Self-Help Groups and Ways of Coping with Stress in Laryngectomees  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 間瀬 由記 MASE Yuki
    • 神奈川県立保健福祉大学保健福祉学部看護学科 School of Nursing, Faculty of Health & Social Work, Kanagawa University of Human Services
    • 辻 慶子 TSUJI Keiko
    • 国立大学法人長崎大学医学部保健学科 Department of Health Sciences, Nagasaki University School of Medicine

Abstract

喉頭摘出者のセルフヘルプ・グループ(SHG)参加で得ている支援内容とストレス対処パターンとの関連を検討することを目的とした.銀鈴会会員710名を対象とし,自記式質問紙を用いた郵送調査によって有効回答が得られた216名(回収率30.4%)を分析対象とした.SHGからの支援内容は【積極性の獲得】【具体的能力獲得】【情緒的支援】であった.食道発声が上達するにつれて支援内容の得点も上昇し,支援の感じ方は食道発声の獲得というSHGへの参加目的の到達状況に影響を受けていた.喉頭摘出者のストレスの対処として【対人情緒的対処】【問題解決対処】が確認された.【対人情緒的対処】【問題解決対処】をともに多く使用する者ほど支援を得ていると感じる程度も強かった.また【対人情緒的対処】を多く求める者は,食道発声が上達するにつれて【情緒的支援】への満足感が増していた.ストレス対処パターンが〈情緒低・問題高〉群は,代用音声獲得の期待が高いと考えられ,「初心」クラスでは支援を受けていると認識しにくかった.

We carried our survey of relationship between factors of support from self-help groups (SHG) and ways of coping with stress in laryngectomees. A survey in the form of a mailed questionnaire was conducted on 710 members of Ginrei-Kai. The self-completing survey form with effective responses was recovered from 216 members (30.4%), who were enrolled in the analysis. They enjoyed the benefits of acquiring positive attitudes, acquiring specific skills, and receiving emotional support from SHGs. As their esophageal speech skills improved, the scores given for these factors of support increased. Their awareness of support was influenced by the status of accomplishment of the primary objective of joining SHGs, i.e., esophageal speech skills. The respondents overcame stress mainly by emotion-focused coping and problem-focused coping (Lazarus' stress inventory). Those laryngectomees showing a higher ability to cope with stress through emotion-focused coping or problem-focused coping were more aware of the support from SHGs. Laryngectomees showing a marked ability for emotion-focused coping were also more satisfied with emotional support as they accomplished an improvement in their esophageal speech skills. The group of responders indicating the stress coping pattern of “low scores of emotion-focused coping and high scores of problem-focused coping” was considered to expect satisfaction from the acquirement of an alternative means of verbal communication, whereas those in the “beginners” class were less aware of available support.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science

    Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science 26(4), 37-45, 2006-12-20

    Japan Academy of Nursing Science

References:  24

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10026506716
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00010260
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    02875330
  • NDL Article ID
    8632125
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-1337
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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