喉頭摘出者のセルフヘルプ・グループから得ている支援内容とストレス対処パターンとの関連 [in Japanese] Relationship between Factors Support from Self-Help Groups and Ways of Coping with Stress in Laryngectomees [in Japanese]
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We carried our survey of relationship between factors of support from self-help groups (SHG) and ways of coping with stress in laryngectomees. A survey in the form of a mailed questionnaire was conducted on 710 members of Ginrei-Kai. The self-completing survey form with effective responses was recovered from 216 members (30.4%), who were enrolled in the analysis. They enjoyed the benefits of acquiring positive attitudes, acquiring specific skills, and receiving emotional support from SHGs. As their esophageal speech skills improved, the scores given for these factors of support increased. Their awareness of support was influenced by the status of accomplishment of the primary objective of joining SHGs, i.e., esophageal speech skills. The respondents overcame stress mainly by emotion-focused coping and problem-focused coping (Lazarus' stress inventory). Those laryngectomees showing a higher ability to cope with stress through emotion-focused coping or problem-focused coping were more aware of the support from SHGs. Laryngectomees showing a marked ability for emotion-focused coping were also more satisfied with emotional support as they accomplished an improvement in their esophageal speech skills. The group of responders indicating the stress coping pattern of “low scores of emotion-focused coping and high scores of problem-focused coping” was considered to expect satisfaction from the acquirement of an alternative means of verbal communication, whereas those in the “beginners” class were less aware of available support.
- Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science
Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science 26(4), 37-45, 2006-12-20
Japan Academy of Nursing Science