成人式を利用した健康関連生活習慣に関する調査の試み  [in Japanese] Pilot Survey on Health-related Lifestyle at Coming-of-age Celebration  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

    • 福田 吉治 FUKUDA Yoshiharu
    • 山口大学医学部地域医療推進学講座 Department of Community Health and Medicine, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine

Abstract

生活習慣病の予防には早期から健康的な生活習慣を確立する必要がある.また,生活習慣病対策の立案と評価にあたり,対象となる集団における健康に関連した生活習慣のアセスメントと変化のモニタリングをできるだけ正確に行わねばならない.本研究は,地域における生活習慣病対策の立案ならびに評価の基礎資料を得るための試みとして,新成人を対象とした健康関連生活習慣調査を行った.山口県内の3市町の成人式(平成22年1月)において,新成人に調査票を配布し,当日提出または後日郵送にて回収した.主な調査項目は,基本属性,自覚的健康度,健康に関連した生活習慣(食生活,運動習慣,飲酒経験,喫煙等)であった.配布数は1761で,有効回答数は324(有効回答率18.4%)であった.自覚的健康度が「あまりよくない/よくない」の者6.8%,朝食を欠食しやすい者32.1%,運動習慣のない者74.1%,飲酒経験者84.6%,現在喫煙している者8.8%であった.学生に比較して,就業者で有意に喫煙率が高かった(オッズ比=3.6).回答率は20%に満たず,喫煙率が過少に見積もられている可能性が高く,調査の課題が明らかになった.就業者の高い喫煙率から,低い学歴または早期の社会参加が喫煙を促進することが示唆された.効率的にかつ精度高く生活習慣を評価できる調査方法,調査の結果を活かした介入方法を検討する必要がある.

Effective prevention of lifestyle-related diseases requires establishment of a healthy lifestyle during earlier life. Planning and evaluation of interventions for lifestyle-related diseases should include suitable assessment and monitoring of health-related lifestyle. This study evaluated the feasibility of a survey on health-related lifestyle at coming-of-age celebrations. We conducted a survey in participants aged 18 to 20 years old at coming-of-age celebrations in three municipalities of Yamaguchi prefecture in January 2010. Questionnaires including basic characteristics, self-rated health, and health-related lifestyle, such as diet, exercise, alcohol consumption, and smoking, were disseminated at the ceremony and collected by mail. Among 1761 questionnaires disseminated, 328 (18.6%) were collected and 324 (18.4%) were analyzed. The percentages of poor self-rated health, missing breakfast frequently, insufficient exercise, drinking alcohol, and smokers were 6.8%, 32.1%, 74.1%, 84.6% and 8.8%, respectively. Compared with students, workers had a significantly higher smoking rate (odds ratio=3.6). The low response rate and possibility of underestimation of smoking rate are limitations of this survey. The higher smoking rate among workers suggested that lower education attainment and early socialization promote starting smoking. Methods of efficient and accurate survey and effective intervention based on the survey results should continue to be discussed.

Journal

  • Yamaguchi Medical Journal

    Yamaguchi Medical Journal 59(5), 219-224, 2010-12-31

    Yamaguchi University Medical Association

References:  14

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10027417074
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00243156
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    05131731
  • NDL Article ID
    10996306
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS7(科学技術--医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-417
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
Page Top