Effects of Estrogen on Growth Hormone Pulsatility in Peripheral Blood and Neuropeptide Profiles in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Goats

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Author(s)

Abstract

We previously reported that growth hormone (GH) pulses were negatively associated with neuropeptide Y (NPY) profiles in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the third ventricle of Shiba goats. In addition, while most GH pulses were coincident with GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) pulses, there was no correlation between GH and somatostatin (SRIF) levels. The present study was performed to elucidate the relationship between GH pulses and these neuropeptide levels in CSF when estradiol (1.0 mg/head) was subcutaneously administered to ovariectomized goats. CSF and plasma samples were collected every 15 min for 18 h (from 6 h before to 12 h after injection). GH levels in peripheral blood and GHRH, SRIF and NPY levels in CSF were measured by radioimmunoassay. Pulse/trough characteristics and correlations were assessed by the ULTRA algorithm and cross-correlation analysis. Before estradiol was injected, significant coincidence was found between GHRH pulses and GH pulses, and negative coincidence was found between NPY troughs and GH pulses. Six to 12 h after estradiol injection, the amplitude and area under the curve (AUC) of the GH pulses were markedly increased. The duration and AUC of the GHRH pulses in the CSF were also increased, and stronger synchrony of GHRH with GH was observed. In contrast, the baseline of NPY was significantly decreased, and the negative correlation between the GH pulses and NPY troughs disappeared. The parameters of SRIF troughs were not clearly changed. These observations suggest that estrogen enhances the pattern of secretion of GH in the goat via enhancement of GHRH pulses and decrease of NPY levels.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Reproduction and Development

    Journal of Reproduction and Development 57(2), 280-287, 2011-04-01

    THE SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

References:  58

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10028275566
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10936678
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168818
  • NDL Article ID
    11058487
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-H305
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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