Comparison of apatite-coated titanium prepared by blast coating and flame spray methods : Evaluation using simulated body fluid and initial histological study

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Author(s)

    • MANO Takamitsu
    • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine
    • ISHIKAWA Kunio
    • Section of Biomaterials, Division of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University
    • HARADA Koji
    • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine
    • UMEDA Hirotsugu
    • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine
    • UEYAMA Yoshiya
    • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine

Abstract

It has previously been demonstrated that apatite may be coated on the surface of titanium (Ti) at room temperature when the titanium is blasted with apatite powder. This method is known as the blast coating (BC) method. In this study, the osteoconductivity and tissue response to Ti implants blast-coated with apatite (BC implants) were evaluated using apatite-coated Ti implants produced using the flame spraying (FS) method (FS implants) and pure Ti implants as a control. Initial evaluation using simulated body fluid demonstrated higher osteoconductivity in BC implants than in FS implants. Therefore, specimens were implanted in rat tibias for 1, 3 and 6 weeks. At one week after implantation, BC implants showed much higher bone contact ratio when compared with FS implants; the bone contact ratio of BC implants was 75.7%, while the FS and pure Ti implants had ratios of 30.8% and 5.5%, respectively. The difference in bone contact ratio between BC and FS implants decreased with implantation time and the ratios were equal after 6 weeks. In conclusion, BC implants show higher osteoconductivity than FS implants, and thus BC implants are beneficial for early fixation of implants to bone tissue.

Journal

  • Dental Materials Journal

    Dental Materials Journal 30(4), 431-437, 2011-07-01

    The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices

References:  19

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10029338467
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10443149
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    02874547
  • Data Source
    CJP  J-STAGE 
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