母親の育児幸福感尺度の短縮版尺度開発  [in Japanese] Development of a short-form of childcare happiness scale  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<B>目 的</B><br> 本研究では,臨床での汎用性を高めるため,清水,関水,遠藤他(2007)が開発した多面的な育児幸福感を捉えるCHS(Child-care Happiness Scale)の短縮版を作成し,その信頼性と妥当性の検討を行った。<br><B>対象と方法</B><br> 6歳以下の乳幼児を持つ母親を対象に,CHSの育児の中で感じる幸せな気持ちが生じる様々な場面についての41項目を,5段階で評価を求めた。併せてCHS短縮版の妥当性の確認のため,心理的健康を測定する「主観的幸福感」と「ベック絶望感」の回答も求めた。<br><B>結 果</B><br> 有効回答672名であった。短縮版の項目を選定するために,CHSの41項目の回答について因子分析を行い,「育児の喜び」,「子どもとの絆」,「夫への感謝」の3因子からなる13項目を選定した。3つの因子のそれぞれの項目の内的整合性を表すα係数は,0.77~0.86と充分な値が得られた。CHS短縮版と主観的幸福感との間には,有意な正の相関があった。一方,ベック絶望感とは,有意な負の相関があった。また,「育児の喜び」と「子どもの絆」は母親年齢が高くなると低下する傾向が,一方「夫への感謝」は末子年齢が4歳以上よりも1歳以下の母親の方が高く,また1人っ子の母親が最も低くかった。<br><B>結 論</B><br> 考察では,CHS短縮版とオリジナルCHSとの違いやその実用性,そして今後の問題ついて議論した。CHS短縮版は心理的健康との関連性が示唆された。CHS短縮版はコンパクトとなったので,個々の母親の育児幸福感の様子を表すプロフィールを母親自身にすぐフィードバックすることができ,母親たちが自分の子育てに対する気持ちを振り返る資料として今後役立てられることが期待できる。

<B>Purpose</B><br> The aims of this study were to (1) develop a short-form of the multidimensional CHS (Child-care Happiness Scale), which was developed by Shimizu, Sekimizu, Endo et al. (2007), and (2) examine its reliability in order to increase general applicability.<br><B>Methods</B><br> Mothers with infants younger than 6 years of age were asked to evaluate 41 items in the CHS that involved various situations which give rise to a feeling of happiness during child-care using a 5-point scale. We also used the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), which measure psychological health, in order to confirm the validity of the short-form CHS (SF-CHS).<br><B>Results</B><br> There were a total of 672 valid respondents. A factor analysis was performed on 41 items of the CHS, and then 16 items were selected for the SF-CHS, which consists of 3 factors: "joys of child-care," "connection with the child," and "husband's support." Items for the 3 factors had sufficiently high Cronbach's α coefficients (0.81-0.86), which represent their internal consistency. There was a significant positive correlation between the SF-CHS and SHS. In contrast, there was a significant negative correlation with BDI. There was a decreasing trend for "joys of child-care" and "connection with child" with increasing mother's age. Furthermore, "husband's support" was higher for mothers whose youngest child was less than 1 year old than for those whose youngest child was 4 years or older, and lowest for mothers with only one child.<br><B>Conclusions</B><br> Differences between the SF-CHS and original CHS, their practicality, and future issues were discussed. Our findings suggest an association between SF-CHS and psychological health. The conciseness of the SF-CHS allows immediate feedback to each mother of her child-care happiness profile. In the future, SF-CHS can be expected to become a useful resource for mothers to reflect on their feelings on child-care.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Academy of Midwifery

    Journal of Japan Academy of Midwifery 24(2), 261-270, 2010-12-31

    Japan Academy of Midwifery

References:  13

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10029704574
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10216477
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09176357
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  J-STAGE 
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