Viscoelastic Mode Distribution of Moderately Entangled Linear Polymers [in Japanese]
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For monodisperse linear polymers, the steady state recoverable compliance J characterizing the terminal relaxation intensity/mode distribution is known to be (approximately) proportional to the molecular weight M in the light to moderately entangled regime, i.e., for M between the entanglement molecular weight M<sub>e</sub> and the characteristic molecular weight M<sub>c</sub>' defined for J (M<sub>c</sub>' = 4M<sub>e</sub> - 6M<sub>e</sub>). However, for those lightly to moderately entangled polymers, the so-called glassy relaxation and Rouse fluctuation processes have a non-negligible contribution to the complex modulus G* even in the terminal regime and thus to J. In other words, the G* and J data of those polymers do not exclusively reflect the entanglement relaxation behavior of those polymers. For a test of this behavior, linear viscoelastic data were examined for entangled linear polystyrene (PS) and poly(p-tert-butyl styrene) (PtBS) in a wide range of M. The contribution of the glassy and Rouse fluctuation modes were subtracted from the G* data to evaluate the modulus G<sub>ent</sub>* exclusively reflecting the entanglement relaxation. It turned out that the terminal mode distribution of G<sub>ent</sub>* and the corresponding compliance J<sub>ent</sub> were rather insensitive to M even for M < M<sub>c</sub>' and close to those of well entangled high-M polymers, in particular for the case of PS. This result provides us with a clue for discussing the onset of entanglement.
- Nihon Reoroji Gakkaishi
Nihon Reoroji Gakkaishi 38(4), 187-193, 2010-12-15
The Society of Rheology, Japan